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April 2023

Tuesday, 25 April 2023 00:00

Rheumatoid Arthritis and the Feet

Rheumatoid arthritis is a type of autoimmune disease that often attacks the feet and ankles first. This type of arthritis comes from the immune system attacking joint linings and weakening ligaments. It can result in pain, swelling, stiffness, and deformity, and it can impact balance and mobility making it hard to stand or walk safely.  Nodules or lumps on the feet can rub against shoes when walking and hammertoes or bunions can develop. This type of arthritis is three times more apt to affect women than men. As the disease progresses, the joint damage can become so severe that there is a complete loss of joint function and joint-replacement surgery is necessary. If you are suffering from the discomfort of rheumatoid arthritis in your feet or ankles, it is suggested that you see a podiatrist for suggestions on how to live life more comfortably.

Because RA affects more than just your joints, including the joints in your feet and ankles, it is important to seek early diagnosis from your podiatrist if you feel like the pain in your feet might be caused by RA. For more information, contact the podiatrists of Dr. Siegerman & Associates. Our doctors will assist you with all of your podiatric concerns.

What Is Rheumatoid Arthritis?

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which the body’s own immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints. Inflammation of the lining and eventually the destruction of the joint’s cartilage and bone occur, causing severe pain and immobility.

Rheumatoid Arthritis of the Feet

Although RA usually attacks multiple bones and joints throughout the entire body, almost 90 percent of cases result in pain in the foot or ankle area.


  • Swelling and pain in the feet
  • Stiffness in the feet
  • Pain on the ball or sole of feet
  • Joint shift and deformation


Quick diagnosis of RA in the feet is important so that the podiatrist can treat the area effectively. Your doctor will ask you about your medical history, occupation, and lifestyle to determine the origin of the condition. Rheumatoid Factor tests help to determine if someone is affected by the disease.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Drexel Hill and West Chester, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

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Tuesday, 18 April 2023 00:00

Causes and Risks of Diabetic Foot Ulcers

Diabetics are often at risk of other conditions that negatively affect their feet. These include peripheral neuropathy, which renders the feet numb, and peripheral artery disease, which slows the healing process. Both are the result of maintaining high blood sugar levels. Any sore or bruise on the feet that are not tended to immediately can easily become ulcerous. Termed foot ulcers, these open sores or wounds are usually found on the sole of the foot or the bottom of the big toe. Unless the diabetic’s feet are checked daily for such injuries, they can easily go undetected. An open foot ulcer increases the chance of developing an infection, which in turn can involve deeper layers of the skin, muscles, tendons, bones, and joints. In the most severe cases, surgery is required and loss of a limb is a possibility. If you are at risk of developing diabetic foot ulcers, it is suggested that you make an appointment with a podiatrist who is trained to deal with diabetes-related problems. 

Diabetic foot care is important in preventing foot ailments such as ulcers. If you are suffering from diabetes or have any other concerns about your feet, contact the podiatrists from Dr. Siegerman & Associates. Our doctors can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes affects millions of people every year. The condition can damage blood vessels in many parts of the body, especially the feet. Because of this, taking care of your feet is essential if you have diabetes, and having a podiatrist help monitor your foot health is highly recommended.

The Importance of Caring for Your Feet

  • Routinely inspect your feet for bruises or sores.
  • Wear socks that fit your feet comfortably.
  • Wear comfortable shoes that provide adequate support.

Patients with diabetes should have their doctor monitor their blood levels, as blood sugar levels play such a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised.

It is always best to inform your healthcare professional of any concerns you may have regarding your feet, especially for diabetic patients. Early treatment and routine foot examinations are keys to maintaining proper health, especially because severe complications can arise if proper treatment is not applied.

If you have any questions please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Drexel Hill and West Chester, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Diabetic Foot Conditions

One of the best ways to care for your feet is by wearing shoes that can prevent foot problems and ease pain. It’s also important to find shoes that help reduce the chances of falling. Three main factors to consider when choosing footwear are activities, surfaces, and support. If you spend a great deal of time standing or running on hard surfaces, look for shoes with softer soles and insoles, as well as ample arch support. For ankle support and stability, lace-up boots are a good idea, with proper padding in the tongue and around the heel. Wearing the proper shoes for whatever activity you are doing, can be a big help in avoiding injuries. People with foot or toe deformities, such as bunions or hammertoes, may need wider shoes with a higher toe box to prevent calluses and corns. For more information on finding the proper shoe for your feet, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist.

It is important to find shoes that fit you properly in order to avoid a variety of different foot problems. For more information about treatment, contact the podiatrists from Dr. Siegerman & Associates. Our doctors will treat your foot and ankle needs.

Proper Shoe Fitting

Shoes have many different functions. They cushion our body weight, protect our feet, and allow us to safely play sports. You should always make sure that the shoes you wear fit you properly in order to avoid injuries and deformities such as: bunions, corns, calluses, hammertoes, plantar fasciitis, stress fractures, and more. It is important to note that although a certain pair of shoes might be a great fit for someone else, that doesn’t mean they will be a great fit for you. This is why you should always try on shoes before buying them to make sure they are worth the investment. Typically, shoes need to be replaced ever six months to one year of regular use.

Tips for Proper Shoe Fitting

  • Select a shoe that is shaped like your foot
  • Don’t buy shoes that fit too tight, expecting them to stretch to fit
  • Make sure there is enough space (3/8” to ½”) for your longest toe at the end of each shoe when you are standing up
  • Walk in the shoes to make sure they fit and feel right
  • Don’t select shoes by the size marked inside the shoe, but by how the shoe fits your foot

The shoes you buy should always feel as good as they look. Shoes that fit properly will last longer, feel better, and improve your way of life each day.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Drexel Hill and West Chester, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about How to Get a Proper Shoe Fit
Tuesday, 04 April 2023 00:00

Causes of Cramps in Feet and Toes

Waking up in the middle of the night with a foot cramp can be disturbing to sleep, as well as painful. Foot and toe cramps, which are muscle spasms, can have several causes among them are dehydration, vitamin deficiency, and circulation problems. Drinking more water during the day can help to keep the body hydrated. If foot and toe cramps are common, it pays to keep track of the intake of certain vitamins and minerals. Calcium, potassium, magnesium, and salt can impede the muscles’ ability to contract and release. Too little time spent stretching can contribute to tight muscles, which may result in cramping. Poor circulation, which may take the form of peripheral artery disease, can be a factor in foot cramps. Wearing shoes that are uncomfortable or ill-fitting also can result in cramping of the feet and toes. Women may be more susceptible after wearing high heels with a pointy toe box. Certain medications, such as diuretics and cholesterol medicine, may cause cramping. And medical conditions, such as pregnancy, diabetes, and peripheral neuropathy may also be risk factors. If you notice that foot and toe cramps have become more common, it is suggested that you consult a podiatrist for more information.  

Foot Pain

Foot pain can be extremely painful and debilitating. If you have a foot pain, consult with the podiatrists  from Dr. Siegerman & Associates. Our doctors will assess your condition and provide you with quality foot and ankle treatment.


Foot pain is a very broad condition that could be caused by one or more ailments. The most common include:

  • Bunions
  • Hammertoes
  • Plantar Fasciitis
  • Bone Spurs
  • Corns
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
  • Ingrown Toenails
  • Arthritis (such as Gout, Rheumatoid, and Osteoarthritis)
  • Flat Feet
  • Injury (from stress fractures, broken toe, foot, ankle, Achilles tendon ruptures, and sprains)
  • And more


To figure out the cause of foot pain, podiatrists utilize several different methods. This can range from simple visual inspections and sensation tests to X-rays and MRI scans. Prior medical history, family medical history, and any recent physical traumatic events will all be taken into consideration for a proper diagnosis.


Treatment depends upon the cause of the foot pain. Whether it is resting, staying off the foot, or having surgery; podiatrists have a number of treatment options available for foot pain.

If you have any questions, please feel free to contact one of our offices located in Drexel Hill and West Chester, PA . We offer the newest diagnostic and treatment technologies for all your foot care needs.

Read more about Foot Pain
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